Practical Solutions For Every Tax Issue

Federal Tax Lien

On Behalf of | Apr 10, 2024 | Tax Controversies

The Federal Tax Lien (“FTL”) facilitates the collection of delinquent taxes.  The FTL is an encumbrance, on the property, of the delinquent taxpayer, providing security for payment of the tax delinquency.

After Notice and Demand for Payment, if the taxpayer fails to pay the tax assessment, then the amount of the tax assessment, including any interest and penalties, becomes a FTL and automatically attaches to all property and rights to property (real, personal, tangible, intangible, present, and future) belonging to the taxpayer.

The IRS will typically file a Notice of Federal Tax Lien (“NFTL”) to put the world on notice of the delinquent taxes and thus establish the priority of the FTL in regard to other security interests.  The NFTL can adversely affect the taxpayer’s credit rating as well as impede any effort, by the taxpayer, to sell property.

For real property and for personal property, the NFTL must be filed, in the office, within the State, County, or other governmental subdivision, as designated by State law, in which the property, subject to the FTL, is physically located.  Personal property, whether tangible or intangible, is deemed to be located in the State where the taxpayer resides at the time the NFTL is filed.